causing the failure does not exceed $10,000,000. If our failure is not de minimis, or if any of the other REIT asset tests have been violated, we may nevertheless qualify for taxation as a REIT
if (a) we provide the IRS with a description of each asset causing the failure, (b) the failure was due to reasonable cause and not willful neglect, (c) we pay a tax equal to the greater of (1) $50,000 or (2) the highest
regular corporate tax rate imposed on the net income generated by the assets causing the failure during the period of the failure, and (d) within 6 months after the last day of the quarter in which we identify the failure, we either
dispose of the assets causing the failure or otherwise satisfy all of the REIT asset tests. These relief provisions apply to any failure of the applicable asset tests, even if the failure first occurred in a year prior to the taxable year in which
the failure was discovered.
The Code also provides an excepted securities safe harbor to the 10% value test that includes
among other items (a) straight debt securities, (b) certain rental agreements in which payment is to be made in subsequent years, (c) any obligation to pay rents from real property, (d) securities issued
by governmental entities that are not dependent in whole or in part on the profits of or payments from a nongovernmental entity, and (e) any security issued by another REIT.
We have maintained and will continue to maintain records of the value of our assets to document our compliance with the above asset
tests, and intend to take actions as may be required to cure any failure to satisfy the tests within 30 days after the close of any quarter or within the six month periods described above.
Based on the discussion above, we believe that we have satisfied, and will continue to satisfy, the REIT asset tests outlined above on a
continuing basis beginning with our first taxable year as a REIT.
Annual Distribution Requirements. To qualify for
taxation as a REIT, we are required to make annual distributions other than capital gain dividends to our stockholders in an amount at least equal to the excess of:
||the sum of 90% of our real estate investment trust taxable income and 90% of our net income after tax, if any, from property received in foreclosure, over
||the amount by which our noncash income (e.g., imputed rental income or income from transactions inadvertently failing to qualify as like-kind exchanges) exceeds 5%
of our real estate investment trust taxable income. |
For these purposes, our real estate investment trust
taxable income is as defined under Section 857 of the Code and is computed without regard to the dividends paid deduction and our net capital gain and will generally be reduced by specified corporate-level taxes that we pay.
Distributions must be paid in the taxable year to which they relate, or in the following taxable year if declared before we timely file
our federal income tax return for the earlier taxable year and if paid on or before the first regular distribution payment after that declaration. If a dividend is declared in October, November or December to stockholders of record during one of
those months, and is paid during the following January, then for federal income tax purposes such dividend will be treated as having been both paid and received on December 31 of the prior taxable year.
The 90% distribution requirements may be waived by the IRS if a REIT establishes that it failed to meet them by reason of distributions
previously made to meet the requirements of the 4% excise tax described below. To the extent that we do not distribute all of our net capital gain and all of our real estate investment trust taxable income, as adjusted, we will be
subject to federal income tax at corporate tax rates on undistributed amounts to the extent not offset by our available net operating loss carryovers (NOLs). Even if we fully distribute our net capital gain and all of our real
estate investment trust taxable income, we may be subject to the corporate alternative minimum tax on our items of tax preference.
If we fail to declare and pay dividends during each calendar year equal to at least the sum of (a) 85% of our ordinary income for such year, (b) 95% of our capital gain net income for such year,
and (c) any undistributed net