|ENVISION HEALTHCARE CORP filed this Form 10-Q on 08/08/2017|
updates thereafter. In 2017, after accounting for various adjustments payment rates under the MPFS will be 0.24% more than 2016 payment rates.
In addition, MACRA required the establishment of the Quality Payment Program (QPP), a payment methodology intended to reward high-quality patient care. Beginning in 2017, physicians and certain other health care clinicians are required to participate in one of two QPP tracks. Under both tracks, performance data collected in 2017 will affect Medicare payments in 2019. CMS expects to transition increasing financial risk to providers as the QPP evolves. The Advanced Alternative Payment Model (Advanced APM) track makes incentive payments available for participation in specific innovative payment models approved by CMS. Providers may earn a 5% Medicare incentive payment and will be exempt from the reporting requirements and payment adjustments imposed under the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) if the provider has sufficient participation (based on percentage of payments or patients) in an Advanced APM. Alternatively, providers may participate in the MIPS track. Providers electing this option may receive payment incentives or be subject to payment reductions of up to 4% of the provider’s Medicare payments based on their performance with respect to clinical quality, resource use, clinical improvement activities, and meaningful use of EHRs. The adjustment percentage will increase incrementally, up to 9%, by 2022. MIPS will consolidate components of several existing physician incentive programs: the Physician Quality Reporting System, the Physician Value-Based Payment Modifier, and the Medicare EHR Incentive Program.
ASC payments. Medicare reimburses facility services provided by ASCs under a system that is primarily linked to HOPD payments, which are set under the hospital outpatient prospective payment system (OPPS). Reimbursement rates for ASCs are updated annually based on a conversion rate that accounts for changes in the consumer price index and a productivity adjustment. In 2016, CMS increased ASC reimbursement rates by 0.3%, which did not have a significant impact on our 2016 ambulatory services revenues. For 2017, CMS has increased ASC reimbursement rates by 1.9%. However, based on our current procedure mix, the impact of these rate adjustments would result in a reduction in our ambulatory services revenue of approximately $2.5 million in 2017. We estimate that proposed ASC reimbursement rates for 2018 recently announced by CMS, which are subject to final approval in November 2017, would positively impact our 2018 ambulatory services revenue by approximately $6.9 million. There can be no assurance that CMS will not revise the ASC payment system or that annual CPI increases will be material.
Health reform. In recent years, the U.S. Congress and certain state legislatures have passed a large number of laws and regulations intended to result in significant change across the healthcare industry. The most prominent of these reform efforts, the Health Reform Law, expands health insurance coverage through a combination of public program expansion and private sector health reforms. For example, the Health Reform Law expanded eligibility under existing Medicaid programs in states that have not opted out of Medicaid expansion provisions. Private health insurance market reforms include a ban on lifetime limits and pre-existing condition exclusions, new benefit mandates, and increased dependent coverage. As currently structured, the Health Reform Law requires many health plans to cover certain preventive services designated by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, including screening colonoscopies.
We believe that health insurance market reforms that expand health insurance coverage have resulted in increased volumes of certain procedures. However, the future of the Health Reform Law is uncertain as a result of efforts by the president and certain members of Congress to repeal or revise and replace the Health Reform Law. We cannot predict whether the Health Reform Law will be repealed or whether or how the Health Reform Law will ultimately be changed. The impact of repeal or any such change to the Healthcare Reform Law on the healthcare industry and our business is unknown.
Critical Accounting Policies
A summary of significant accounting policies is disclosed in our 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K under the caption “Critical Accounting Policies” in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations. There have been no material changes in the nature of our critical accounting policies or the application of those policies since December 31, 2016.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
See Note 1 in the Notes to the Unaudited Consolidated Financial Statements.
Results of Operations
Our consolidated statements of operations include the results of our physician services and ambulatory services segments. Our revenue primarily consists of fee for service revenue and is derived principally from the provision of physician services to patients of the healthcare facilities and from facility fees for the procedures performed at our surgery centers. Contract revenue represents income earned from our hospital customers to supplement payments from third-party payors.