|ENVISION HEALTHCARE CORP filed this Form 10-Q on 08/08/2017|
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-01, “Business Combinations (Topic 805) - Clarifying the Definition of a Business,” which changes the definition of a business to assist entities with evaluating when a set of transferred assets and activities is a business. The guidance requires an entity to evaluate if substantially all of the fair value of gross assets acquired is concentrated in a single identifiable asset or a group of similar identifiable assets. The guidance is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those years. The Company has not yet determined the impact this ASU will have on the Company's consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
In January 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-04, “Intangibles - Goodwill and Other (Topic 350) - Simplifying the Test for Goodwill Impairment,” which eliminates the requirement to calculate the implied fair value of goodwill to measure an impairment charge. Instead, companies will record an impairment charge based on the excess of a reporting unit's carrying amount over its fair value. The standard is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted for interim or annual goodwill impairment tests performed on testing dates after January 1, 2017. The Company has not yet determined the impact this ASU will have on the Company's consolidated financial position, results of operations or cash flows.
(2) Variable Interest Entities
GAAP requires variable interest entities (VIEs) to be consolidated if an entity’s interest in the VIE is a controlling financial interest. Under the variable interest model, a controlling financial interest is determined based on which entity, if any, has (i) the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impacts the VIE’s economic performance and (ii) the obligations to absorb the losses that could potentially be significant to the VIE or the right to receive benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE.
The Company performs ongoing reassessments of (i) whether entities previously evaluated under the majority voting-interest framework have become VIEs, based on certain triggering events, and therefore would be subject to the VIE consolidation framework, and (ii) whether changes in the facts and circumstances regarding the Company’s involvement with a VIE cause the Company’s consolidation conclusion to change. The consolidation status of the VIEs with which the Company is involved may change as a result of such reassessments. Changes in consolidation status are applied prospectively with assets and liabilities of a newly consolidated VIE initially recorded at fair value.
Physician Services Segment
The physician services segment structures its contractual arrangements for services in various ways. In most states, a wholly owned subsidiary contracts with hospitals to provide management services. The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of the Company and its wholly owned subsidiaries along with the accounts of affiliated professional corporations (PCs) with which the Company has management arrangements. The Company's agreements with these PCs provide that the term of the arrangements is permanent, subject only to termination by the Company, except in the case of gross negligence, fraud or bankruptcy of the Company. The PC structure is necessary in states which prohibit the corporate practice of medicine but this structure is utilized by the Company in the majority of its physician practices regardless of the state where the PC operates. The arrangements are captive in nature as a majority of the outstanding voting equity instruments of the PCs are owned by nominee shareholders appointed at the sole discretion of the Company. The nominee shareholder is a medical doctor who is generally a senior corporate employee of the Company. The Company has a contractual right to transfer the ownership of the PCs at any time to any person it designates as the nominee shareholder. The Company has the right to all assets and to receive income, both as ongoing fees and as proceeds from the sale of any interest in the PCs, in an amount that fluctuates based on the performance of the PCs and the change in the fair value of the interest in the PCs. The Company has exclusive responsibility for the provision of all non-medical services required for the day-to-day operation and management of the PCs and establishes the guidelines for the employment and compensation of the physicians and other employees of the PCs, which is consistent with the operation of the Company's wholly owned subsidiaries. Based on the provisions of these agreements, the Company has determined that the PCs are variable interest entities and that the Company is the primary beneficiary as defined in ASC 810 “Consolidations.”
The Company has a variable interest in the PCs through the management contracts and the PCs are considered VIEs due to its equity holder lacking the obligation to absorb expected losses or receive expected residual returns. The contractual arrangement to provide management services allows the Company to direct the economic activities considered most significant to the PC. Accordingly, the Company is the primary beneficiary of the PCs and consolidates the PCs under the variable interest model in ASC 810.
The physician services segment also has partnerships with health systems that are considered VIEs. The Company consolidates the majority of the partnerships with health systems as the Company is the primary beneficiary due to its ability to direct the majority of activities that most significantly impact the economic performance of the partnership which occurs generally through a management services agreement. Therefore, the results of consolidated partnerships are reflected as a component of the accompanying consolidated