Comprehensive Income (Loss)
Comprehensive income (loss) includes certain gains and losses that, under U.S. GAAP, are excluded from net income (loss) as such amounts are recorded directly as an adjustment to stockholders’ equity. The Company’s comprehensive income (loss) is primarily comprised of net income (loss), foreign currency translation and changes in fair value of available for sale securities (prior to the Company’s adoption of ASU 2016-01 in FY 2018).
New Accounting Standards
In May 2014, FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606),” which is the new comprehensive revenue recognition standard that will supersede all existing revenue recognition guidance under U.S. GAAP. The standard’s core principle is that a company will recognize revenue when it transfers promised goods or services to a customer in an amount that reflects the consideration to which such company expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. The Company adopted the new standard in the first quarter of FY 2018. Refer to Note 3 for further details.
In January 2016, FASB issued ASU No. 2016-01, “Recognition and Measurement of Financial Assets and Financial Liabilities”, includes amendments on recognition, measurement, presentation, and disclosure of financial instruments. It requires an entity to (1) measure equity investments at fair value through net income, with certain exceptions; (2) present in OCI the changes in instrument-specific credit risk for financial liabilities measured using the fair value option; (3) present financial assets and financial liabilities by measurement category and form of financial asset; (4) calculate the fair value of financial instruments for disclosure purposes based on an exit price; and (5) assess a valuation allowance on deferred tax assets related to unrealized losses on available-for-sale debt securities in connection with other deferred tax assets. The ASU provides an election to subsequently measure certain nonmarketable equity investments at cost less any impairment and adjusted for certain observable price changes. The ASU also requires a qualitative impairment assessment of such equity investments and amends certain fair value disclosure requirements. The ASU is effective for public business entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2017. Certain provisions of the ASU are eligible for early adoption. The Company adopted the new standard in the first quarter of FY 2018 which resulted in the Company reclassifying the cumulative loss in fair value of our available-for-sale securities of $3.2 million from accumulated other comprehensive loss to accumulated losses as of January 1, 2018 in the Company’s consolidated balance sheet. Changes in the fair value of the available-for-sale securities will be recorded within the Company’s consolidated statement of operations in future periods. Additionally, the Company’s previously cost method investments are now being categorized as other equity investments and continue to be recorded on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet at fair value and assessed for potential impairment on a quarterly basis. Refer to Note 5 and Note 7 for further details.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases. The new standard establishes a right-of-use (ROU) model that requires a lessee to record a ROU asset and a lease liability on the balance sheet for all leases with terms longer than 12 months. Leases will be classified as either finance or operating, with classification affecting the pattern of expense recognition in the income statement. The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years. A modified retrospective transition approach is required for lessees for capital and operating leases existing at, or entered into after, the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements, with certain practical expedients available. The Company’s leases are considered operating leases and are not capitalized under ASC 840. Under ASC 842, the majority of these leases will qualify for capitalization and will result in the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities once the new standard is adopted. We will adopt ASC 842 using the effective date method in accordance with ASU 2018-11 for all leases existing at January 1, 2019. All of our leases are operating leases. Upon adoption, leases that were classified as operating leases under ASC 840 will be classified as operating leases under ASC 842 and we will record right-of-use assets and the related lease liability. The lease liability will be based on the present value of the remaining minimum lease payments discounted using our secured incremental borrowing rate at the effective date of January 1, 2019 using the remaining lease term as of January 1, 2019. As permitted under ASC 842, upon adoption we will elect a package of practical expedients that allows us not to reassess (1) whether a contract is or contains a lease, (2) the lease classification and (3) whether previously capitalized costs continue to qualify as initial indirect costs. We are currently in the process of finalizing the impact of adopting the standard, including the calculation of the present value of future minimum lease payments at the effective date, as well as preparing the disclosures to be included in the financial statements.
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15, “Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments”, which clarifies how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented in the statement of cash flows. The amendment addresses eight specific cash flow issues with the objective of reducing the existing diversity in practice. The Company adopted the new standard in the first quarter of FY 2018 which did not have a material impact to our financial statements.
In October 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-16, “Income Taxes (Topic 740) – Intra-Entity Transfers of Assets Other Than Inventory”, which was issued as part of the FASB’s simplification initiative and, intends to improve the accounting for the income tax consequences of intra-entity transfers of assets other than inventory. Under this ASU, an entity should recognize the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset other than inventory when the transfer occurs. The Company adopted the new standard in the first quarter of FY 2018 which did not have a material impact to our financial statements.