The Company’s objective for holding any derivative financial instruments is to manage interest rate risks, and in the case of our 1.50% Convertible Notes, dilution risk. The Company does not use financial instruments for trading or other speculative purposes. From time to time the Company uses derivative financial instruments to hedge the variability of anticipated cash flows of a forecasted transaction (a “cash flow hedge”). The Company had no such derivative instruments in FY 2018 or FY 2017.
Compensation cost for restricted stock is measured using the quoted market price of the Company’s common stock at the date the common stock is granted. For restricted stock where restrictions lapse with the passage of time (“time-based restricted stock”), compensation cost is recognized over the period between the issue date and the date that restrictions lapse. Time-based restricted stock is included in total common shares outstanding upon the lapse of any restrictions. Time-based restricted stock is included in total diluted shares outstanding which is calculated utilizing the treasury stock method.
For restricted stock where restrictions are based on performance measures (“performance-based restricted stock”), restrictions lapse when those performance measures have been deemed earned. Performance-based restricted stock is included in total common shares outstanding upon the lapse of any restrictions. Performance-based restricted stock is included in total diluted shares outstanding when the performance measures have been deemed earned but not issued.
For restricted stock which is measured based on market conditions, the Company values the stock utilizing a Monte Carlo simulation factoring key assumptions such as the stock price at the beginning and end of the period, risk free interest rate, expected dividend yield when simulating total shareholder return, expected dividend yield when simulating the Company’s stock price, stock price volatility and correlation coefficients. Restricted stock based on market conditions is included in total common shares outstanding upon the achievement of the performance metrics. Restricted stock based on market conditions is included in total diluted shares outstanding when the performance metrics have been deemed earned but not issued.
Treasury stock is recorded at acquisition cost. Gains and losses on disposition are recorded as increases or decreases to additional paid-in capital with losses in excess of previously recorded gains charged directly to retained earnings.
Deferred Financing Costs
The Company incurred costs (primarily professional fees and placement agent fees) in connection with borrowings under senior secured notes, 1.50% Convertible Notes, the Senior Secured Term Loan and the 2016 Senior Secured Term Loan. These costs have been deferred and are being amortized using the effective interest method over the life of the related debt.
Property, Equipment, Depreciation and Amortization
Property and equipment are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation and amortization. Depreciation and amortization are determined by the straight line method over the estimated useful lives of the respective assets ranging from three to seven years. Leasehold improvements are amortized by the straight-line method over the initial term of the related lease or estimated useful life, whichever is less.
Total rent payments under operating leases that include scheduled payment increases and rent holidays are amortized on a straight-line basis over the term of the lease. Landlord allowances are amortized by the straight-line method over the term of the lease as a reduction of rent expense.
If circumstances mandate, the Company evaluates the recoverability of its long-lived assets, other than goodwill and other indefinite life intangibles (discussed below), by comparing estimated future undiscounted cash flows with the assets’ carrying value to determine whether a write-down to market value, based on discounted cash flow, is necessary.