As of December 31, 2018 and December 31, 2017, the outstanding principal balance of the Senior Secured Term Loan was $171.1 million (which is net of $18.3 million of original issue discount) and $74.8 million (which is net of $8.0 million of original issue discount), respectively, of which $11.6 million and $1.7 million is recorded in current portion of long term debt on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet, respectively.
5.75% Convertible Notes
On February 22, 2018, the Company consummated an exchange (the “Note Exchange”) of approximately $125 million previously outstanding 1.50% Convertible Senior Subordinated Notes due 2018 (the “1.50% Convertible Notes”), pursuant to which it issued approximately $125 million of new 5.75% Convertible Notes due 2023 (the “5.75% Convertible Notes”). The 5.75% Convertible Notes were issued pursuant to an indenture, dated February 22, 2018, by and among the Company, each of the guarantors thereto and The Bank of New York Mellon Trust Company, N.A., as trustee and collateral agent (the “Indenture”).
The 5.75% Convertible Notes mature on August 15, 2023. Interest on the 5.75% Convertible Notes may be paid in cash, shares of the Company’s common stock, or a combination of both, at the Company’s election. If the Company elects to pay all or a portion of an interest payment in shares of common stock, the number of shares of common stock payable will be equal to the applicable interest payment divided by the average of the 10 individual volume-weighted average prices for the 10-trading day period ending on and including the trading day immediately preceding the relevant interest payment date.
The 5.75% Convertible Notes are (i) secured by a second lien on the same assets that secure the obligations of IBG Borrower under the Senior Secured Term Loan and (ii) guaranteed by IBG Borrower and same guarantors as those under the Senior Secured Term Loan, other than the Company.
Subject to certain conditions and limitations, the Company may cause all or part of the 5.75% Convertible Notes to be automatically converted into common stock of the Company. The 5.75% Convertible Notes are convertible into shares of the Company’s common stock based on a conversion rate of 52.1919 shares of the Company’s common stock, per $1,000 principal amount of the 5.75% Convertible Notes (which is equal to an initial conversion price of approximately $19.16 per share), subject to adjustment from time to time pursuant to the 5.75% Convertible Note Indenture.
Holders converting their 5.75% Convertible Notes (including in connection with a mandatory conversion) shall also be entitled to receive a payment from the Company equal to the Conversion Make-Whole Payment (as defined in the Indenture) if such conversion occurs after a regular record date and on or before the next succeeding interest payment date, through and including the maturity date (determined as if such conversion did not occur).
If the Company elects to pay all or a portion of a Conversion Make-Whole Payment in shares of common stock, the number of shares of common stock payable will be equal to the applicable Conversion Make-Whole Payment divided by the average of the 10 individual volume-weighted average prices for the 10-trading day period immediately preceding the applicable conversion date.
Subject to certain limitations pursuant to the Senior Secured Term Loan, from and after the February 22, 2019, the Company may redeem for cash all or part of the 5.75% Convertible Notes at any time by providing at least 30 days’ prior written notice to holders of the 5.75% Convertible Notes.
If the Company undergoes a fundamental change (which would occur if the Company experiences a change of control or is delisted from NASDAQ) prior to maturity, each holder will have the right, at its option, to require the Company to repurchase for cash all or a portion of such holder’s 5.75% Convertible Notes at a fundamental change purchase price equal to 100% of the principal amount of the 5.75% Convertible Notes to be repurchased, together with interest accrued and unpaid to, but excluding, the fundamental change purchase date.
The Company is subject to certain restrictive covenants pursuant to the 5.75% Convertible Note Indenture, including limitations on (i) liens, (ii) indebtedness, (iii) asset sales, (iv) restricted payments and investments, (v) prepayments of indebtedness and (vi) transactions with affiliates.
During 2018, certain noteholders converted an aggregate outstanding principal balance of $15.3 million of their 5.75% Convertible Notes into approximately 0.8 million shares of the Company’s common stock. Pursuant to the Indenture, the Company also made an aggregate Conversion Make-Whole Payment of approximately 0.6 million shares of the Company’s common stock to those converting noteholders. As a result of the difference in the fair market value versus the carrying value of the 5.75% Convertible Notes that were converted during FY 2018, an aggregate of $1.2 million was recorded as Other Income in the Company’s consolidated statement of operations for FY 2018.