SEC Filings


10-K
CUMMINS INC filed this Form 10-K on 02/11/2019
Entire Document
 

The principal customers of our heavy-duty truck engines include truck manufacturers such as PACCAR Inc. (PACCAR), Navistar International Corporation (Navistar) and Daimler Trucks North America (Daimler). The principal customers of our medium-duty truck engines include truck manufacturers such as Daimler, Navistar and PACCAR. We sell our industrial engines to manufacturers of construction, agricultural and marine equipment, including Hyundai, Xuzhou Construction Machinery Group, Komatsu, John Deere, JLG Industries, Inc. and LiuGong. The principal customers of our light-duty on-highway engines are Anhui Jianghuai Automobile Co., Ltd., China National Heavy Duty Truck Group and Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod. The principal customers of our pick-up on-highway engines are Fiat Chrysler and Nissan.
In the markets served by our Engine segment, we compete with independent engine manufacturers as well as OEMs who manufacture engines for their own products. Our primary competitors in North America are Daimler, Caterpillar Inc. (CAT), Volvo Powertrain, Ford Motor Company (Ford), Navistar, PACCAR and Hino Power. Our primary competitors in international markets vary from country to country, with local manufacturers generally predominant in each geographic market. Other engine manufacturers in international markets include Weichai Power Co. Ltd., Volvo AB (Volvo), Daimler AG, TRATON AG, Fiat Power Systems, Guangxi Yuchai Group, Rolls-Royce Power Systems AG, CAT, Yanmar Co., Ltd. and Deutz AG.
Distribution Segment
Distribution segment sales and EBITDA as a percentage of consolidated results were:
 
 
Years ended December 31,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2016
Percent of consolidated net sales(1)
 
26
%
 
27
%
 
28
%
Percent of consolidated EBITDA(1)
 
16
%
 
17
%
 
20
%
___________________________________________________________
(1) Measured before intersegment eliminations
Our Distribution segment consists of 28 wholly-owned and 10 joint venture distributors that service and distribute the full range of our products and services to end-users at approximately 450 locations in over 90 distribution territories. Our wholly-owned distributors are located in key markets, including North America, Australia, Europe, China, Africa, Russia, Japan, Brazil, Singapore and Central America, while our joint venture distributors are located in key markets, including South America, the Middle East, India, Thailand and Singapore.
The Distribution segment consists of product lines which service and/or distribute the full range of our products and services, including Parts, Engines, Power generation and Service.
The Distribution segment is organized into eight primary geographic regions, including North America, Asia Pacific, Europe, China, Africa and Middle East, India, Latin America and Russia. Asia Pacific is composed of six smaller regional distributor organizations (South Pacific, Korea, Japan, Philippines, Malaysia and Singapore) which allow us to better manage these vast geographic territories.
Our distribution network consists of independent, partially-owned and wholly-owned distributors which provide parts and full service to our customers. These solutions include maintenance contracts, engineering services and integrated products, where we customize our products to cater to specific needs of end-users. Our distributors also serve and develop dealers, predominantly OEM dealers, in their territories by providing new products, technical support, tools, training, parts and product information.
The distribution segment is responsible for managing the operations of our wholly-owned and partially owned distributors as well as our relationships with independent distributors. Our Distribution segment serves a highly diverse customer base with approximately 40 percent and 38 percent of its 2018 and 2017 sales, respectively, being generated from new engines and power generation equipment, with its remaining sales generated by parts and service revenue.
Our distributors compete with distributors or dealers that offer similar products. In many cases, these competing distributors or dealers are owned by, or affiliated with the companies that are listed as competitors of our Engine, Components or Power Systems segments. These competitors vary by geographical location.

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