|CUMMINS INC filed this Form 10-K on 02/11/2019|
Net income attributable to Cummins Inc. for 2018 was $2.1 billion, or $13.15 per diluted share, on sales of $23.8 billion, compared to 2017 net income attributable to Cummins Inc. of $1.0 billion, or $5.97 per diluted share, on sales of $20.4 billion. The increase in net income attributable to Cummins Inc. and earnings per diluted share was driven by significantly higher net sales, the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (Tax Legislation), higher gross margin and increased equity earnings from investees, partially offset by $368 million for an Engine System Campaign, higher research, development and engineering expenses, unfavorable foreign currency impacts (primarily the British pound, Brazilian real and Angolan kwanza partially offset by the Euro) and higher interest expense. Tax Legislation resulted in the U.S. statutory rate decreasing from 35 percent to 21 percent, added incremental income tax expense in 2017 of $781 million to our tax provision (excluding the noncontrolling interest and equity investee adjustments) with a net impact of $777 million unfavorable to net income. See Note 4, "INCOME TAXES," and Note 9, "PRODUCT WARRANTY LIABILITY," to the Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information on the Tax Legislation adjustments during the one year measurement period and the Engine System Campaign, respectively. The increase in gross margin was primarily due to higher volumes, improved mix and favorable pricing, partially offset by increased warranty costs (primarily $368 million for an Engine System Campaign), higher compensation costs (driven by headcount growth to support increased sales) and unfavorable impacts from Chinese tariffs. Diluted earnings per share for 2018 benefited $0.25 per share from fewer weighted average shares outstanding, primarily due to the stock repurchase programs, including shares acquired under the accelerated share repurchase agreement.
Net income and diluted earnings per share attributable to Cummins Inc., excluding Tax Legislation, were as follows:
(1) See Note 4, "INCOME TAXES," to our Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
(2) These measures are not in accordance with, or an alternative for, accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (GAAP) and
may not be consistent with measures used by other companies. It should be considered supplemental data.
We generated $2.4 billion of operating cash flows in 2018, compared to $2.3 billion in 2017. See the section titled "Cash Flows" in the "LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES" section for a discussion of items impacting cash flows.
In October 2018, our Board of Directors authorized the acquisition of up to $2 billion of additional common stock upon completion of the 2016 repurchase plan. During 2018, we repurchased $1.1 billion, or 7.9 million shares of common stock, including 3.5 million shares repurchased under the $500 million accelerated share repurchase program. See Note 14 "SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY," to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
On August 22, 2018, we entered into a new five-year $2.0 billion revolving credit agreement and a 364-day $1.5 billion credit agreement that expire on August 22, 2023 and August 21, 2019, respectively. These new credit facilities replace our previous five-year $1.75 billion and 364-day $1.0 billion facilities and will be used primarily to provide backup liquidity for our commercial paper borrowings and general corporate purposes. See Note 10 "DEBT," to Consolidated Financial Statements for additional information.
Our debt to capital ratio (total capital defined as debt plus equity) at December 31, 2018, was 23.1 percent, compared to 19.7 percent at December 31, 2017. The increase was primarily due to an increase in outstanding commercial paper. At December 31, 2018, we had $1.5 billion in cash and marketable securities on hand and access to our $3.5 billion credit facilities, if necessary, to meet currently anticipated investment and funding needs.
In July 2018, our Board of Directors authorized an increase to our quarterly dividend of 5.6 percent from $1.08 per share to $1.14 per share.
Our global pension plans, including our unfunded and non-qualified plans, were 115 percent funded at December 31, 2018. Our U.S. qualified plan, which represents approximately 54 percent of the worldwide pension obligation, was 131 percent funded and our United Kingdom (U.K.) plan was 115 percent funded. We expect to contribute approximately $123 million to our global pension plans in 2019. In addition, we expect our 2019 net periodic pension cost to approximate $56 million. See application of critical accounting estimates within MD&A and Note 11, "PENSIONS AND OTHER POSTRETIREMENT BENEFITS," to the Consolidated Financial Statements, for additional information concerning our pension and other post retirement benefit plans.