|CUMMINS INC filed this Form 10-Q on 10/31/2017|
purpose or purposes for which such meeting is called, shall be delivered or mailed by the Secretary of the Corporation, to each shareholder of record of the Corporation entitled to notice of or to vote at such meeting no fewer than ten (10) nor more than sixty (60) days before the date of the meeting. Notice of shareholders’ meetings, if mailed, shall be mailed, postage prepaid, to each shareholder at the shareholder’s address shown in the Corporation’s current record of shareholders; provided that this requirement shall be satisfied with respect to shareholders of record who share an address, and notice shall be deemed to have been given to all such shareholders, if notice is given in accordance with the “householding” rules set forth in Rule 14a-3(e) under the Exchange Act and the provisions of Section 23-1-20-29 of the Indiana Business Corporation Law. If mailed, notice shall be deemed to be delivered when deposited in the United States mail, addressed to the shareholder at his, her or its address as it appears in the books of the Corporation, with postage thereon prepaid. If sent by electronic transmission, notice shall be deemed to be delivered when sent.
(b) Except as provided by the Indiana Business Corporation Law or the Corporation’s Restated Articles of Incorporation, notice of a meeting of shareholders is required to be given only to shareholders entitled to vote at the meeting; provided, however, notice of a meeting of shareholders shall be given to shareholders not entitled to vote if a purpose for the meeting is to vote on any amendment to the Corporation’s Restated Articles of Incorporation, a merger or share exchange to which the Corporation would be a party, a sale of the Corporation’s assets, or dissolution of the Corporation.
(c) A shareholder or the shareholder’s proxy may at any time waive notice of a meeting if the waiver is in writing and is delivered to the Corporation for inclusion in the minutes or filing with the Corporation’s records. A shareholder’s attendance at a meeting, whether in person or by proxy, (i) waives objection to lack of notice or defective notice of the meeting, unless the shareholder or the shareholder’s proxy at the beginning of the meeting objects to holding the meeting or transacting business at the meeting, and (ii) waives objection to consideration of a particular matter at the meeting that is not within the purpose or purposes described in the meeting notice, unless the shareholder or the shareholder’s proxy objects to considering the matter when it is presented. Each shareholder who has in the matter above provided waived notice or objection to notice of a shareholders’ meeting shall be conclusively presumed to have been given due notice of such meeting, including the purpose or purposes thereof.
(d) If an annual or special shareholders’ meeting is adjourned to a different date, time or place, notice need not be given of the new date, time or place if the new date, time or place is announced at the meeting before adjournment, unless a new record date is or must be established for the adjourned meeting.
Section 1.5 Voting. Except as otherwise provided by the Indiana Business Corporation Law or the Corporation’s Restated Articles of Incorporation, each share of the capital stock of any class of the Corporation that is outstanding at the record date established for any annual or special meeting of shareholders and is outstanding at the time of and represented in person or by proxy at the annual or special meeting, shall entitle the record holder thereof, or the record holder’s proxy, to one (1) vote on each matter voted on at the meeting.
Section 1.6 Quorum. Unless the Corporation’s Restated Articles of Incorporation or the Indiana Business Corporation Law provides otherwise, at all meetings of shareholders a majority of the votes entitled to be cast on a matter, represented in person or by proxy, constitutes a quorum for action on the matter. Action may be taken at a shareholders’ meeting only on matters with respect to which a quorum exists; provided, however, that any meeting of shareholders, including annual and special meetings and any adjournments thereof, may be adjourned to a later date although less than a quorum is present. Once a share is represented for any purpose at a meeting, it is deemed present for quorum purposes for the remainder of the meeting and for any adjournment of that meeting unless a new record date is or must be set for that adjourned meeting.
Section 1.7 Vote Required to Take Action; Majority Voting in Director Elections.
(a) If a quorum exists as to a matter to be considered at a meeting of shareholders, action on such matter (other than the election of Directors) is approved if the votes properly cast favoring the action exceed the votes properly cast opposing the action, except as the Corporation’s Restated Articles of Incorporation or the Indiana Business Corporation Law require a greater number of affirmative votes.
(b) The election of Directors by the shareholders shall be determined as follows:
(i) Majority Voting Standard. Each Director to be elected by shareholders shall be elected if a majority of the votes cast with respect to that Director’s election at any meeting for the election of Directors at which a quorum is present are cast in favor of such Director’s election. For purposes of the preceding sentence, a majority of the votes cast shall mean the number of shares voted “for” a nominee’s election exceeds the number of votes