SEC Filings

SUN COMMUNITIES INC filed this Form 424B5 on 05/28/2019
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generally will be effective for tax years beginning after December 31, 2017. To the extent that this rule requires the accrual of income earlier than under the general tax rules, it could increase our “phantom income,” which may make it more likely that we could be required to borrow funds or take other action to satisfy the REIT distribution requirements for the taxable year in which this “phantom income” is recognized.



Like Kind Exchanges Retained for Real Property, but Eliminated for Most Personal Property



The 2018 Tax Act continues the deferral of gain from the like kind exchange of real property, but provides that foreign real property is no longer “like kind” to domestic real property. Furthermore, the 2018 Tax Act eliminates like kind exchanges for most personal property. These changes are effective generally for exchanges completed after December 31, 2017, with a transition rule allowing such exchanges where one part of the exchange is completed prior to December 31, 2017.



Net Operating Loss Modifications



NOL provisions are modified by the 2018 Tax Act. The 2018 Tax Act limits the NOL deduction to 80% of taxable income (before the deduction). It also generally eliminates NOL carrybacks for individuals and non-REIT corporations (NOL carrybacks did not apply to REITs under prior law), but allows indefinite NOL carryforwards. The new NOL rules apply beginning in 2018.



Executive Compensation



The 2018 Tax Act limited the deduction for compensation paid to certain executive officers by publicly held corporation. Generally, a corporation’s deduction is denied to the extent that it exceeds $1 million for any applicable year. The 2018 Tax Act eliminates certain exceptions allowed under prior law for performance based compensation.

Reporting and Withholding on Foreign Financial Accounts

The Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act, or FATCA, imposes a U.S. federal withholding tax on certain types of payments made to “foreign financial institutions” and certain other non-U.S. entities unless certain due diligence, reporting, withholding, and certification obligation requirements are satisfied. FATCA generally imposes a U.S. federal withholding tax at a rate of 30% on dividends and interest on, and gross proceeds from the sale or other disposition of, our stock or debt securities, as the case may be, if paid to a foreign entity unless either (i) the foreign entity is a “foreign financial institution” that undertakes certain due diligence, reporting, withholding, and certification obligations, or in the case of a foreign financial institution that is a resident in a jurisdiction that is treated as having an intergovernmental agreement to implement FATCA, the entity complies with the diligence and reporting requirements of such agreement, (ii) the foreign entity is not a “foreign financial institution” and identifies certain of its U.S. investors, or (iii) the foreign entity otherwise is excepted under FATCA. If we determine withholding is appropriate in respect of our common stock or debt securities, we may withhold tax at the applicable statutory rate, and we will not pay any additional amounts in respect of such withholding. However, under delayed effective dates provided for in the Treasury Regulations and other IRS guidance, such required withholding will not begin until January 1, 2019 with respect to gross proceeds from a sale or other disposition of our common stock or debt securities.

If withholding is required under FATCA on a payment related to our common stock or debt securities, holders of our common stock or debt securities, as the case may be, that otherwise would not be subject to withholding (or that otherwise would be entitled to a reduced rate of withholding) generally will be required to seek a refund or credit from the IRS to obtain the benefit of such exemption or reduction (provided that such benefit is available). You should consult your own tax advisor regarding the effect of FATCA on an investment in our common stock or debt securities.