|UNION CARBIDE CORP /NEW/ filed this Form 10-K on 02/15/2018|
activity-based costs were approximately $78 million in 2017, $58 million in 2016 and $63 million in 2015 and were included in "Cost of sales" in the consolidated statements of income.
Management believes the method used for determining expenses charged by Dow is reasonable. Dow provides these services by leveraging its centralized functional service centers to provide services at a cost that management believes provides an advantage to the Corporation.
The monitoring and execution of risk management policies related to interest rate and foreign currency risks, which are based on Dow’s risk management philosophy, are provided as a service to UCC.
As part of Dow’s cash management process, UCC is a party to revolving loans with Dow that have interest rates based on LIBOR (London Interbank Offered Rate) with varying maturities. At December 31, 2017, the Corporation had a note receivable of $1.2 billion ($1.4 billion at December 31, 2016) from Dow under a revolving loan agreement. The Corporation may draw from this note receivable in support of its daily working capital requirements and, as such, the net effect of cash inflows and outflows under this revolving loan agreement is presented in the consolidated statements of cash flows as an operating activity.
The Corporation also has a separate revolving credit agreement with Dow that allows the Corporation to borrow or obtain credit enhancements up to an aggregate of $1 billion that matures on December 30, 2018. Dow may demand repayment with a 30-day written notice to the Corporation, subject to certain restrictions. A related collateral agreement provides for the replacement of certain existing pledged assets, primarily equity interests in various subsidiaries and joint ventures, with cash collateral. At December 31, 2017, $949 million ($947 million at December 31, 2016) was available under the revolving credit agreement. The cash collateral was reported as "Noncurrent receivables from related companies" in the consolidated balance sheets.
On a quarterly basis, the Corporation's Board of Directors reviews and determines if there will be a dividend distribution to its parent company and sole shareholder, Dow. The Board takes into consideration the level of earnings and cash flows, among other factors, in determining the amount of the dividend distribution. In 2017, the Corporation declared and paid dividends totaling $603 million to Dow. In 2016, the Corporation declared and paid dividends totaling $500 million to Dow.
In accordance with the Tax Sharing Agreement between the Corporation and Dow, the Corporation makes payments to Dow to cover the Corporation's estimated federal tax liability; payments were $294 million in 2017, $415 million in 2016 and $310 million in 2015.
NOTE 19 - BUSINESS AND GEOGRAPHIC REGIONS
Dow conducts its worldwide operations through principal product groups, and the Corporation's business activities comprise components of Dow's principal product groups rather than stand-alone operations. The Corporation sells substantially all of its products to Dow in order to simplify the customer interface process at market-based prices in accordance with Dow's intercompany pricing policy. Because there are no separable reportable business segments for the Corporation and no detailed business information is provided to a chief operating decision maker regarding the Corporation's stand-alone operations, the Corporation's results are reported as a single operating segment.