|UNION CARBIDE CORP /NEW/ filed this Form 10-K on 02/15/2018|
Integration and Separation Costs
The Corporation classifies expenses related to the Merger as integration and separation costs. Merger-related costs include: costs incurred to prepare for and close the Merger, post-Merger integration expenses and costs incurred to prepare for the separation of Dow’s agriculture business, specialty products business and materials science business.
This accounting policy was added in the third quarter of 2017 as a result of the Merger.
The Corporation accounts for income taxes using the asset and liability method. Under this method, deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the future tax consequences of temporary differences between the carrying amounts and tax bases of assets and liabilities using enacted tax rates. The effect of a change in tax rates on deferred tax assets or liabilities is recognized in income in the period that includes the enactment date. The Corporation is included in the same consolidated federal income tax group and consolidated income tax return as Dow. The Corporation accounts for its income taxes following the formula in the Dow-UCC Tax Sharing Agreement used to compute the amount due to Dow or UCC for UCC's share of taxable income and tax attributes on the consolidated income tax return. This method generally follows the separate return method. The amounts reported as income taxes payable or receivable represent the Corporation's payment obligation (or refundable amount) to Dow based on a theoretical tax liability calculated on a separate return method.
The Corporation recognizes the financial statement effects of an uncertain income tax position when it is more likely than not, based on the technical merits, that the position will be sustained upon examination. The Corporation accrues for non-income tax contingencies when it is probable that a liability to a taxing authority has been incurred and the amount of the contingency can be reasonably estimated.
Provision is made for taxes on undistributed earnings of foreign subsidiaries and related companies to the extent that such earnings are not deemed to be permanently invested.
Changes in Financial Statement Presentation
Consolidated Statements of Income
In the third quarter of 2017, the Corporation changed the presentation of certain line items on the face of the consolidated statements of income to conform to the presentation that was adopted for DowDuPont. Costs associated with integration and separation activities are now separately reported as "Integration and separation costs" and "Interest income" has been reclassified to "Sundry income (expense) - net." The following table summarizes the changes made to the consolidated statements of income for the years ended December 31, 2016 and 2015:
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
In the first quarter of 2017, the Corporation made a change to the consolidated statements of cash flows to include a new line under "Operating Activities" entitled "Asbestos-related payments." The new line captures cash payments made for asbestos-related claim and resolution activity as well as asbestos-related defense and processing costs (effective as of the fourth quarter of 2016 as a result of an accounting policy change).