|FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION FANNIE MAE filed this Form 10-Q on 08/05/2011|
January 1, 2009. In addition, many of these loans were Alt-A loans or had other higher-risk loan attributes such as interest-only payment features. As a result of the sharp declines in home prices, 33% of the loans that we acquired from 2005 through 2008 had mark-to-market LTV ratios that were greater than 100% as of June 30, 2011, which means the principal balance of the borrowers primary mortgage exceeded the current market value of the borrowers home. This percentage is higher when second lien loans are included. The sharp decline in home prices, the severe economic recession that began in December 2007 and continued through June 2009, and continuing high unemployment and underemployment have significantly and adversely impacted the performance of loans we acquired from 2005 through 2008. We are taking a number of actions to reduce our credit losses. We discuss these actions and our strategy in Our Strategies and Actions to Reduce Credit Losses on Loans in our Legacy Book of Business and MD&ARisk ManagementCredit Risk ManagementSingle-Family Mortgage Credit Risk Management in this report and in BusinessExecutive SummaryOur Strategies and Actions to Reduce Credit Losses on Loans in our Single-Family Guaranty Book of Business in our 2010 Form 10-K.
In 2009, we began to see the effect of actions we took, beginning in 2008, to significantly strengthen our underwriting and eligibility standards and change our pricing to promote sustainable homeownership and stability in the housing market. As a result of these changes and other market dynamics, we reduced our acquisitions of loans with higher-risk attributes. Compared with the loans we acquired in 2005 through 2008, the loans we have acquired since January 1, 2009 have had better overall credit risk profiles at the time we acquired them and their early performance has been strong. Our experience has been that loans with characteristics such as lower original LTV ratios (that is, more equity held by the borrowers in the underlying properties), higher FICO credit scores and more stable payments will perform better than loans with risk characteristics such as higher original LTV ratios, lower FICO credit scores, Alt-A underwriting and payments that may adjust over the term of the loan.
Table 4 shows the credit risk profile of the single-family loans we have acquired since January 1, 2009 compared to the loans we acquired from 2005 through 2008.
Table 4: Credit Profile of Single-Family Conventional Loans Acquired(1)
Improvements in the credit risk profile of our acquisitions since the beginning of 2009 over acquisitions in prior years reflect changes that we made to our pricing and eligibility standards, as well as changes that mortgage insurers made to their eligibility standards. We discuss these changes in our 2010 Form 10-K in BusinessExecutive SummaryOur Expectations Regarding Profitability, the Single-Family Loans We Acquired Beginning in 2009, and Credit LossesCredit Profile of Our Single-Family Acquisitions. In addition, the Federal Housing Administrations (FHA) role as the lower-cost option for some consumers for loans with higher LTV ratios reduced our acquisitions of these types of loans after 2008. The credit risk profile of our acquisitions since the beginning of 2009 has been influenced further by its significant percentage of refinanced loans. Refinanced loans generally have better credit profiles than purchase money loans. As we discuss in Outlook below, we expect fewer refinancings in 2011 and 2012 than in 2010.