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(In conservatorship)

For the three and six months ended June 30, 2011, we recorded net other-than-temporary impairment of $56 million and $100 million, respectively. The net other-than-temporary impairment charges recorded in the three month period ended June 30, 2011 were primarily driven by an increase in collateral losses on certain Alt-A private-label securities, which resulted in a decrease in the present value of our cash flow projections on these Alt-A private-label securities.
The following table displays activity related to the unrealized credit component on debt securities held by us recognized in earnings for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 and 2010. A related unrealized non-credit component has been recognized in “Accumulated other comprehensive loss.”
    For the Three Months Ended
    For the Six Months Ended
    June 30,     June 30,  
    2011     2010     2011     2010  
    (Dollars in millions)  
Balance, beginning of period
  $ 8,040     $ 8,209     $ 8,215     $ 8,191  
Additions for the credit component on debt securities for which OTTI was not previously recognized
          9       8       15  
Additions for credit losses on debt securities for which OTTI was previously recognized
    56       128       92       358  
Reductions for securities no longer in portfolio at period end
          (1 )           (52 )
Reductions for amortization resulting from increases in cash flows expected to be collected over the remaining life of the securities
    (220 )     (164 )     (439 )     (331 )
Balance, end of period
  $ 7,876     $ 8,181     $ 7,876     $ 8,181  
As of June 30, 2011, those debt securities with other-than-temporary impairment for which we recognized in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss only the amount of loss related to credit consisted predominantly of Alt-A and subprime securities. We evaluate Alt-A (including option adjustable rate mortgage (“ARM”)) and subprime private-label securities for other-than-temporary impairment by discounting the projected cash flows from econometric models to estimate the portion of loss in value attributable to credit. Separate components of a third-party model project regional home prices, unemployment and interest rates. The model combines these factors with available current information regarding attributes of loans in pools backing the private-label mortgage-related securities to project prepayment speeds, conditional default rates, loss severities and delinquency rates. It incorporates detailed information on security-level subordination levels and cash flow priority of payments to project security level cash flows. We model securities assuming the benefit of those external financial guarantees that we determined are creditworthy. We have recorded other-than-temporary impairments for the three and six months ended June 30, 2011 based on this analysis, with amounts related to credit loss recognized in our condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss. For securities we determined were not other-than-temporarily impaired, we concluded that either the bond had no projected credit loss or if we projected a loss, that the present value of expected cash flows was greater than the security’s cost basis.