|FEDERAL NATIONAL MORTGAGE ASSOCIATION FANNIE MAE filed this Form 10-Q on 08/05/2011|
credit rating. Given the recourse nature of the DUS program, the lenders are bound by eligibility standards that dictate, among other items, minimum capital and liquidity levels, and the posting of collateral at a highly rated custodian to secure a portion of the lenders future obligations. We actively monitor the financial condition of these lenders to ensure the level of risk remains within our standards.
Custodial Depository Institutions
A total of $42.7 billion in deposits for single-family payments were received and held by 287 institutions in the month of June 2011 and a total of $75.4 billion in deposits for single-family payments were received and held by 289 institutions in the month of December 2010. Of these total deposits, 93% as of June 30, 2011 and 92% as of December 31, 2010 were held by institutions rated as investment grade by S&P, Moodys and Fitch. Our ten largest custodial depository institutions held 93% of these deposits as of both June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010.
Issuers of Investments Held in our Cash and Other Investments Portfolio
Our cash and other investments portfolio primarily consists of cash and cash equivalents, federal funds sold and securities purchased under agreements to resell or similar arrangements, U.S. Treasury securities and asset-backed securities. See Liquidity and Capital ManagementLiquidity ManagementCash and Other Investments Portfolio for more detailed information on our cash and other investments portfolio. Our counterparty risk is primarily with financial institutions and Treasury.
Our cash and other investments portfolio, which totaled $71.9 billion as of June 30, 2011, included $36.9 billion of U.S. Treasury securities and $5.2 billion of unsecured positions. As of December 31, 2010, our cash and other investments portfolio totaled $61.8 billion and included $31.5 billion of U.S. Treasury securities and $10.3 billion of unsecured positions. As of both June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010, all of our unsecured positions were short-term deposits with financial institutions which had short-term credit ratings of A-1, P-1, F1 (or equivalent) or higher from Standard & Poors, Moodys and Fitch ratings, respectively.
Our derivative credit exposure relates principally to interest rate and foreign currency derivatives contracts. We estimate our exposure to credit loss on derivative instruments by calculating the replacement cost, on a present value basis, to settle at current market prices all outstanding derivative contracts in a net gain position by counterparty where the right of legal offset exists, such as master netting agreements, and by transaction where the right of legal offset does not exist. Derivatives in a gain position are included in our condensed consolidated balance sheets in Other assets. Typically, we seek to manage credit exposure by contracting with experienced counterparties that are rated A- (or its equivalent) or better by the major ratings organizations. We also manage our exposure by requiring counterparties to post collateral. The collateral includes cash, U.S. Treasury securities, agency debt and agency mortgage-related securities.
Our net credit exposure on derivatives contracts decreased to $132 million as of June 30, 2011, from $152 million as of December 31, 2010. We had outstanding interest rate and foreign currency derivative transactions with 15 counterparties as of June 30, 2011 and December 31, 2010. Derivatives transactions with nine of our counterparties accounted for approximately 91% of our total outstanding notional amount as of June 30, 2011, with each of these counterparties accounting for between approximately 5% and 15% of the total outstanding notional amount. In addition to the 15 counterparties with whom we had outstanding notional amounts and master netting agreements as of June 30, 2011, we had a master netting agreement with one more counterparty with whom we may enter into interest rate derivative or foreign currency derivative transactions in the future.
We expect that, under the Dodd-Frank Act, we will be required in the future to submit certain interest rate swaps for clearing to a derivatives clearing organization. In anticipation of those requirements, we have cleared a small number of new interest rate swap transactions with the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, Inc. (CME), a derivatives clearing organization. As a result, we are exposed to the institutional credit risk of CME and its members that execute and submit our transactions for clearing. Our institutional credit risk