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Our approach to workouts continues to focus on the large number of borrowers facing both long-term and short-term financial hardships. Accordingly, the vast majority of loan modifications we completed during the first half of 2011 were, as in recent periods, concentrated on deferring or lowering the borrowers’ monthly mortgage payments to allow borrowers to work through their hardships.
In addition, we continue to focus on alternatives to foreclosure for borrowers who are unable to retain their homes. Our servicers work with a borrower to sell their home prior to foreclosure in a preforeclosure sale or accept a deed-in-lieu of foreclosure whereby the borrower voluntarily signs over the title to their property to the servicer. These alternatives are designed to reduce our credit losses while helping borrowers avoid having to go through a foreclosure. Further, in cooperation with several Multiple Listing Services across the nation, we developed the Short Sale Assistance Desk to assist real estate professionals in handling post-offer short sale issues that may relate to servicer responsiveness, the existence of a second lien, or issues involving mortgage insurance.
Table 39 provides statistics on our single-family loan workouts that were completed, by type, for the periods indicated. These statistics include loan modifications but do not include trial modifications or repayment and forbearance plans that have been initiated but not completed.
Table 39:  Statistics on Single-Family Loan Workouts
    For the
    For the
    For the
    Six Months Ended
    Year Ended
    Six Months Ended
    June 30, 2011     December 31, 2010     June 30, 2010  
    Balance     of Loans     Balance     of Loans     Balance     of Loans  
    (Dollars in millions)  
Home retention strategies:
  $ 20,909       101,379     $ 82,826       403,506     $ 44,383       215,449  
Repayment plans and forbearances completed
    2,598       18,599       4,385       31,579       2,372       17,398  
HomeSaver Advance first-lien loans
                688       5,191       515       4,371  
      23,507       119,978       87,899       440,276       47,270       237,218  
Foreclosure alternatives:
Preforeclosure sales
    7,587       34,047       15,899       69,634       8,387       36,534  
Deeds-in-lieu of foreclosure
    768       4,249       1,053       5,757       424       2,307  
      8,355       38,296       16,952       75,391       8,811       38,841  
Total loan workouts
  $ 31,862       158,274     $ 104,851       515,667     $ 56,081       276,059  
Loan workouts as a percentage of single-family guaranty book of business(1)
    2.22 %     1.77 %     3.66 %     2.87 %     3.91 %     3.05 %
(1) Calculated based on annualized loan workouts during the period as a percentage of our single-family guaranty book of business as of the end of the period.
The volume of workouts completed in the first half of 2011 decreased compared with the first half of 2010, primarily because we began to require that non-HAMP modifications go through a trial period, which initially lowers the number of modifications that can become permanent in any particular period. The number of foreclosure alternatives we agreed to during the first half of 2011 remains high as these are favorable solutions for a growing number of borrowers. We expect the volume of our foreclosure alternatives to remain high throughout the remainder of 2011.
During the first half of 2011, we initiated approximately 104,000 trial modifications, including HAMP and non-HAMP, compared with 117,000 trial modifications during the first half of 2010. We also initiated other types of workouts, such as repayment plans and forbearances. It is difficult to predict how many of these trial modifications and initiated plans will be completed.