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payment features. As a result of the sharp declines in home prices, 34% of the loans that we acquired from 2005 through 2008 had mark-to-market LTV ratios that were greater than 100% as of March 31, 2011, which means the principal balance of the borrower’s primary mortgage exceeded the current market value of the borrower’s home. This percentage is higher when second lien loans secured by the same properties that secure our loans are included. The sharp decline in home prices, the severe economic recession that began in December 2007 and continued through June 2009, and continuing high unemployment and underemployment have significantly and adversely impacted the performance of loans we acquired from 2005 through 2008. We are taking a number of actions to reduce our credit losses. We discuss these actions and our strategy in our 2010 Form 10-K in “Business—Executive Summary—Our Strategies and Actions to Reduce Credit Losses on Loans in our Single-Family Guaranty Book of Business” and in “MD&A—Risk Management—Credit Risk Management—Single-Family Mortgage Credit Risk Management.”
In 2009, we began to see the effect of actions we took, beginning in 2008, to significantly strengthen our underwriting and eligibility standards and change our pricing to promote sustainable homeownership and stability in the housing market. As a result of these changes and other market dynamics, we reduced our acquisitions of loans with higher-risk attributes. Compared with the loans we acquired in 2005 through 2008, the loans we have acquired since January 1, 2009 have had better overall credit risk profiles at the time we acquired them and their early performance has been strong. Our experience has been that loans with characteristics such as lower original LTV ratios (that is, more equity held by the borrowers in the underlying properties), higher FICO credit scores and more stable payments will perform better than loans with risk characteristics such as higher original LTV ratios, lower FICO credit scores, Alt-A underwriting and payments that may adjust over the term of the loan. Table 3 shows improvements in the credit risk profile of single-family loans we have acquired since January 1, 2009 compared to loans we acquired from 2005 through 2008.
Table 3:  Credit Profile of Single-Family Conventional Loans Acquired(1)
    Acquisitions from 2009
    Acquisitions from 2005
    through the first quarter of 2011     through 2008  
Weighted average loan-to-value ratio at origination
    68 %     73 %
Weighted average FICO credit score at origination
    762       722  
Fully amortizing, fixed-rate loans
    95 %     86 %
Alt-A loans(2)
    1 %     14 %
    1 %     12 %
Original loan-to-value ratio > 90%
    5 %     11 %
FICO credit score < 620
    *     5 %
Represent less than 0.5% of the total acquisitions.
(1) Loans that meet more than one category are included in each applicable category.
(2) Newly originated Alt-A loans acquired in 2009 through 2011 consist of the refinance of existing loans.
Improvements in the credit risk profile of our acquisitions since the beginning of 2009 over acquisitions in prior years reflect changes that we made to our pricing and eligibility standards, as well as changes that mortgage insurers made to their eligibility standards. We discuss these changes in our 2010 Form 10-K in “Business—Executive Summary—Our Expectations Regarding Profitability, the Single-Family Loans We Acquired Beginning in 2009, and Credit Losses—Credit Profile of Our Single-Family Acquisitions.” In addition, FHA’s role as the lower-cost option for some consumers for loans with higher LTV ratios has also reduced our acquisitions of these types of loans. The credit risk profile of our acquisitions since the beginning of 2009 has been influenced further by its significant percentage of refinanced loans. Refinanced loans generally perform better than purchase money loans, as the borrower has demonstrated a desire to maintain homeownership. As we discuss in “Outlook” below, we expect fewer refinancings in 2011 than in 2010.
In 2010 and 2011 our acquisitions of refinanced loans included a significant number of loans under our Refi Plustm initiative. Under Refi Plus we acquire refinancings of performing Fannie Mae loans that have current LTV ratios up to 125% and, in some cases, lower FICO credit scores than we generally require. Refi Plus