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Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements | Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

(In conservatorship)
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
1.  Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
We are a stockholder-owned corporation organized and existing under the Federal National Mortgage Association Charter Act (the “Charter Act” or our “charter”). We are a government-sponsored enterprise and we are subject to government oversight and regulation. Our regulators include the Federal Housing Finance Agency (“FHFA”), the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (“HUD”), the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), and the U.S. Department of the Treasury (“Treasury”). The U.S. government does not guarantee our securities or other obligations.
We have been under conservatorship, with FHFA acting as conservator, since September 6, 2008. See “Note 1, Summary of Significant Accounting Policies” in our annual report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 (“2017 Form 10-K”) for additional information on our conservatorship and the impact of U.S. government support of our business.
The unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements as of and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018, and related notes, should be read in conjunction with our audited consolidated financial statements and related notes included in our 2017 Form 10-K.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (“GAAP”) for interim financial information and with the SEC’s instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and note disclosures required by GAAP for complete consolidated financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments of a normal recurring nature considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included. The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include our accounts as well as the accounts of other entities in which we have a controlling financial interest. All intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated. To conform to our current period presentation, we have reclassified certain amounts reported in our prior periods’ condensed consolidated financial statements. Results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 may not necessarily be indicative of the results for the year ending December 31, 2018.
Use of Estimates
Preparing condensed consolidated financial statements in accordance with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect our reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities as of the dates of our condensed consolidated financial statements, as well as our reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting periods. Management has made significant estimates in a variety of areas including, but not limited to, valuation of certain financial instruments and allowance for loan losses. Actual results could be different from these estimates.
Senior Preferred Stock Purchase Agreement and Senior Preferred Stock
Treasury has made a commitment under a senior preferred stock purchase agreement to provide funding to us under certain circumstances if we have a net worth deficit. In the first quarter of 2018, we received $3.7 billion from Treasury to eliminate our net worth deficit as of December 31, 2017. Pursuant to the senior preferred stock purchase agreement, we have received a total of $119.8 billion from Treasury as of September 30, 2018, and the amount of remaining funding available to us under the agreement was $113.9 billion.
Pursuant to the senior preferred stock purchase agreement, we issued shares of senior preferred stock to Treasury in 2008. Acting as successor to the rights, titles, powers and privileges of the Board, our conservator has declared and directed us to pay dividends to Treasury on the senior preferred stock on a quarterly basis for every dividend period for which dividends were payable since we entered into conservatorship in 2008. Effective January 1, 2018, the dividend provisions of the senior preferred stock provide for quarterly dividends consisting of the amount, if any, by which our net worth as of the end of the immediately preceding fiscal quarter exceeds a $3.0 billion capital reserve amount. We refer to this as a “net worth sweep” dividend. On September 28, 2018, we

Fannie Mae (In conservatorship) Third Quarter 2018 Form 10-Q