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MD&A | Executive Summary

Year-to-Date Results
The increase in our net income in the first nine months of 2018, compared with the first nine months of 2017, was primarily driven by:
a shift to fair value gains from fair value losses;

a lower provision for federal income taxes; and

a higher benefit for credit losses;

partially offset by a decrease in fee and other income.

See “Consolidated Results of Operations” for more information on our year-to-date financial results.

Net Worth
Our net worth of $7.0 billion as of September 30, 2018 reflects our comprehensive income of $4.0 billion for the third quarter of 2018 and $3.0 billion in retained capital reserves.
Financial Performance Outlook
We expect to remain profitable on an annual basis for the foreseeable future; however, certain factors could result in significant volatility in our financial results from quarter to quarter or year to year. We expect volatility from quarter to quarter in our financial results due to a number of factors, particularly changes in market conditions that result in fluctuations in the estimated fair value of the financial instruments that we mark to market through our earnings. Other factors that may result in volatility in our quarterly financial results include developments that affect our loss reserves, such as changes in interest rates, home prices or accounting standards, or events such as natural disasters.
The potential for significant volatility in our financial results could result in a net loss in a future quarter. We are permitted to retain up to $3.0 billion in capital reserves as a buffer in the event of a net loss in a future quarter. However, any net loss we experience in the future could be greater than the amount of our capital reserves, resulting in a net worth deficit for that quarter. See “Risk Factors” in our 2017 Form 10-K for a discussion of the risks associated with the limitations on our ability to rebuild our capital reserves, including factors that could result in a net loss or net worth deficit in a future quarter.

Fannie Mae Third Quarter 2018 Form 10-Q