PART I—FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
We have been under conservatorship, with the Federal Housing Finance Agency (“FHFA”) acting as conservator, since September 6, 2008. As conservator, FHFA succeeded to all rights, titles, powers and privileges of the company, and of any shareholder, officer or director of the company with respect to the company and its assets. The conservator has since provided for the exercise of certain functions by our Board of Directors. Our directors do not have any fiduciary duties to any person or entity except to the conservator and, accordingly, are not obligated to consider the interests of the company, the holders of our equity or debt securities, or the holders of Fannie Mae MBS unless specifically directed to do so by the conservator.
Our conservatorship has no specified termination date. We do not know when or how the conservatorship will terminate, what further changes to our business will be made during or following conservatorship, what form we will have and what ownership interest, if any, our current common and preferred stockholders will hold in us after the conservatorship is terminated or whether we will continue to exist following conservatorship. Congress continues to consider options for reform of the housing finance system, including Fannie Mae. As a result of our agreements with the U.S. Department of the Treasury (“Treasury”) and directives from our conservator, we are not permitted to retain more than $3.0 billion in capital reserves or to pay dividends or other distributions to stockholders other than Treasury. Our agreements with Treasury also include covenants that significantly restrict our business activities. For additional information on the conservatorship, the uncertainty of our future, our agreements with Treasury, and recent actions and statements relating to housing finance reform by the Administration, Congress and FHFA, see “Business—Conservatorship and Treasury Agreements,” “Business—Legislation and Regulation” and “Risk Factors” in our Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017 (“2017 Form 10-K”) and “Legislation and Regulation” and “Risk Factors” in our Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2018 (“First Quarter 2018 Form 10-Q”), our Form 10-Q for the quarter ended June 30, 2018 (“Second Quarter 2018 Form 10-Q”), and in this report.
You should read this Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”) in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and related notes in this report and the more detailed information in our 2017 Form 10-K. You can find a “Glossary of Terms Used in This Report” in the MD&A of our 2017 Form 10-K.
This report contains forward-looking statements that are based on management’s current expectations and are subject to significant uncertainties and changes in circumstances. Please review “Forward-Looking Statements” for more information on these forward-looking statements. Our actual results may differ materially from those reflected in our forward-looking statements due to a variety of factors including, but not limited to, those discussed in “Risk Factors” and elsewhere in this report and in our 2017 Form 10-K.
Fannie Mae provides a stable source of liquidity to the mortgage market and increases the availability and affordability of housing in the United States. We operate in the secondary mortgage market, primarily working with lenders. We do not originate loans or lend money directly to consumers in the primary mortgage market. Instead, we securitize mortgage loans originated by lenders into Fannie Mae mortgage-backed securities that we guarantee (which we refer to as Fannie Mae MBS); purchase mortgage loans and mortgage-related securities, primarily for securitization and sale at a later date; and engage in other activities that increase the supply of affordable housing. Our common stock is traded in the OTCQB market and quoted under the ticker symbol “FNMA.”
Through our single-family and multifamily business segments, we provided $140 billion in liquidity to the mortgage market in the third quarter of 2018, which enabled the financing of 726,000 home purchases, refinancings or rental units.
Fannie Mae Third Quarter 2018 Form 10-Q