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MD&A | Business Segments

Outstanding as of June 30, 2017
(Dollars in billions)
Fannie Mae(1)
Fannie Mae(1)
Lender Risk-Sharing(2)
Outstanding Reference Pool(4)(6)
First Loss
Fannie Mae(1)
Lender Risk-Sharing(2)
Represents less than $500 million.
Credit risk retained by Fannie Mae in CAS, CIRT and lender risk-sharing transactions. Tranche sizes vary across programs.
Credit risk transferred to third parties. Tranche sizes vary across programs.
Includes mortgage pool insurance transactions covering loans with an unpaid principal balance of approximately $7 billion at issuance and approximately $4 billion outstanding as of June 30, 2017.
For CIRT and some lender risk-sharing transactions, “reference pool” reflects a pool of covered loans.
For CAS transactions, “First Loss” represents all B tranche balances.
For CAS and some lender risk-sharing transactions, represents outstanding reference pools, not the outstanding unpaid principal balance of the underlying loans, as of June 30, 2017.
As shown in the outstanding balances in Table 17 above, we have designed our credit risk transfer transactions so that prepayment activity typically has a more substantial impact on the senior tranches retained by Fannie Mae than on the risk transferred to third parties. Principal payments on the underlying reference pool are first allocated between the senior tranches and then applied sequentially to the subordinate tranches. Losses are applied in reverse sequential order starting with the first loss tranche. For CAS transactions, all principal payments and losses are allocated pro rata between the sold notes and the portion we retain. The decreases in outstanding balances from issuance to June 30, 2017 in the senior and mezzanine tranches are the result of paydowns. Outstanding balances from issuance to June 30, 2017 in the first loss tranches decreased only slightly as the losses allocated to those tranches were insignificant.
While these deals are expected to mitigate some of our potential future credit losses, they are not designed to shield us from all losses. We retain a portion of the risk of future credit losses on loans covered by CAS and CIRT transactions, including all or at least half of the first loss positions and all of the senior loss positions. In addition, on our CAS transactions, we retain a pro rata share of risk equal to approximately 5% of all notes sold. When structuring these transactions, we seek to optimize benefit to cost considerations by taking into account a number of factors, including the level of investor demand, liquidity and pricing levels, and the amount of risk reduction provided assuming various economic scenarios. Due to differences in accounting, there also could be a significant lag between the time when we recognize a provision for credit losses and when we recognize the related recovery from our CAS transactions. See “Risk Factors” in our 2016 Form 10-K for a discussion of factors that may limit our ability to use credit risk transfer transactions to mitigate some of our potential future credit losses, including factors that may result in these transactions providing less protection than we expect.
We continue to explore ways to innovate and improve our credit risk transfer programs. As part of this continued innovation, we announced a proposed new structure that would enhance our CAS program by structuring our CAS offerings as notes issued by trusts that qualify as real estate mortgage investment conduits. This proposed enhancement to our CAS program is designed to promote the continued growth of the market by expanding the potential investor base for these securities, making the program more attractive to real estate investment trust investors, as well as certain other investors, and limiting investor exposure to Fannie Mae counterparty risk.

Fannie Mae Second Quarter 2017 Form 10-Q